In trouble to be troubled is to have your trouble doubled.

Daniel Defoe, The Further Adventures of Robinson Crusoe


Frequently Asked Questions


What is online counseling?

Online counseling is counseling that occurs via e-mail or live chat, rather than in a counselor’s office.


Are there any problems that are not suitable for online counseling?

If your symptoms are severely disabling, you may need to consult a specialist or a psychiatrist.  Online counseling can feel like a safe place to begin your journey to recovery.  In that sense, it can be suitable for most problems.  If you have any questions about this issue, please contact me directly.


What is your approach to counseling?

I highly value a supportive, working counseling relationship.  Beyond that, my approach varies from client to client and may include ideas from Short-term Dynamic Psychotherapy, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, mindfulness based interventions, Cognitive Therapy, and Existential Psychotherapy.


What are the limits to confidentiality?

I am legally obligated to break confidentiality in the following instances:

–  if I am made aware of the abuse of a minor (person under 16 years of age)

–  if I believe you are an imminent physical threat to yourself or another

–  if I am subpoenaed by a court of law


How do I know my information will be safe online?

All financial transactions occur at PayPal and are protected by their safety precautions.  4peaceofmind will never have access to your financial information.


How long will it take to get a response?

The average response time is two business days.  However, some responses may take up to five business days depending on the nature of the content and the length of the e-mail – ie.  shorter response times for e-mails conveying distress, and longer response times for more complicated content that requires extra reading and more comprehensive responses.


How much should I, or can I, write?

The more time and thought you put into counseling, the more you will get out of it.  I encourage you to include whatever you would like to talk about and anything you feel is relevant, even if it may appear trivial.  Communicate and disclose at a level that feels challenging yet safe.  Your responses can be as long or short as you like.


How often should I write?

The general recommendation for counseling to maintain momentum, while allowing time for integration, is one session a week.  If you are in distress you may find it helpful to communicate more often.  If you only wish to talk once in awhile, that’s fine too.  Your counseling should never feel like a burden, so communicate at a frequency that feels the most helpful to you.


What’s the difference between counseling and psychotherapy?

Usually when I say counseling, I am referring to counseling or psychotherapy.  They are different processes though.  Counseling is very problem and solution focused.  Psychotherapy, is focused more on how your personality and way of being in the world relate to the problems in your life.  Psychotherapy goes a lot deeper into your personal world and history, and can take more sessions.